Ear barotraumas is a condition that results in damaging of the ear due to development of certain pressure differences between the outside and inside of the eardrum. The condition commonly occurs when a person experiences altitude changes like driving on the mountains, scuba diving, etc. If a person is experiencing congested nose due to cold, allergies, upper respiratory infections, etc the condition is more likely to develop. Some of the alternative names of the condition are pressure-related ear pain, ear popping, barotraumas, eustachian tube dysfunction and barotitis media.
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Eustachian tube is a tube that connects back of the nose, between the middle ear and upper throat. When a person yawns or swallowing occurs in the throat, the tube opens and this allows air to fall inside or middle ear. When the tube gets blocked, the pressure in the middle ear is different from the pressure outside the eardrum. This causes the disorder. The condition can be present by birth or may cause due to welling in the throat.
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A person experiences following symptoms:
- Hearing loss
- Ear discomfort
- Sensation of stuffiness in the ear
- Nose bleeding
- Ear pain
- Moderate or severe hearing los
Before altitude changes, use nasal decongestants. If a person faces upper respiratory infection or any sort of allergy attacks, try to avoid altitude changes
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In order to get relief from the discomfort, the attempts are made to open the tube and release the pressure. Doctors commonly recommend chew gums, yawn, suck on candy, inhale and exhale gently exercise. Try to use these measures as frequently as possible. If these measures do not treat the condition appropriately, medical intervention is required. Some of the medications that may help in treating the condition are steroids, antihistamines, decongestants in the form of nose spray or taken by mouth.
Surgery is performed in the case tube does not get open through other methods.
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