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Otitis Externa; Acute

Overview

Ear infections are common . Otitis externa; acute is a condition in which infection and inflammation of middle ear takes place. The condition is referred as acute because it is painful and occurs in short periods. The condition is five times more likely to occur in swimmers as compared to non-swimmers. The infection is common in children in between the age group of 7-12 years. The infection is commonly experienced in winter season.


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Causes

In the human ear, there is a tube known as eustachian tube which runs from middle ear to back of throat. The fluid which is made in the middle ear is drained by the tube. When the eustachian tube gets blocked, fluid starts building up and that eventually paves the way to bacteria and virus, causing infection.

Allergies, sinus or cold infections, overgrown adenoids, etc are some of the factors that can clog the tube. Certain factors like exposure to smoke, recent ear infection, genetic factors, etc. increase the chance of getting affected from Otitis externa; acute.


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Signs & Symptoms

Some of the common symptoms are fever, trouble in sleeping, earache, vomiting, diarrhea, hearing loss to certain extent.

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Prevention

The condition can be prevented by remaining in water for lesser period of time and not getting affected by cold or allergies.


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Treatments
Antibiotic therapy Modern Medicine

Some ear infections are mild in nature and gets clear without taking any antibiotics. By using over-the-counter ear drops, medications or by applying warm cloth to the affected area, the infection gets cleared.

If an infection is caused by virus, antibiotics are recommended. If a child is under 2 years of age, have fever, etc. then antibiotics like amoxicillin, cefuroxime, cefdinir, ceftriaxone and many more are prescribed.

If even after taking antibiotics, the infection remains, a surgery is performed. In the surgical procedure, a tube is placed inside the drum so that fluid can be drain out.

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